Brexit Pros and Cons

Brexit is the process of Britain leaving the European Union. This will have many consequences for Britain and its citizens, from economic impact to social impacts.

Easy access to the European single market

The largest and most integrated trading bloc in the world, the EU single market accounts for around half of all UK trade. It’s also the world’s largest single market for services, with over 130 million consumers. The UK is a member of this enormous trading bloc through its membership of the European Union (EU).

However, as a non-EU member state, it does not automatically have rights to participate in this free trade area. To do so would require it to become part of another grouping: either the European Economic Area (EEA) or European Free Trade Association (EFTA).

British citizens no longer have to pay membership fees to the EU

It is no secret that British citizens have been subjected to a high price for membership in the EU. With this referendum, however, they have been freed from paying membership fees to the EU. More importantly, they are no longer subject to any of its laws and regulations—including those concerning fishing and farming (notably quotas), environmental protection, employment laws and more.

Better control over Britain’s borders

Pros: You can control who comes into and leaves your country, so if you’re looking to ban immigrants from certain countries or block terrorists, this is the way to go. You can also reduce the burden of asylum seekers on your economy by blocking them from entering the country.

Cons: If you want fewer people in Britain, this could be seen as a negative aspect of Brexit because it will stop people from moving here.

Ability to forge better trade relationships with non-EU countries such as China, India, USA and Canada

In the past few years, the UK has been able to forge better trade relationships with non-EU countries such as China, India, USA and Canada. This is because the UK was in a position of power when negotiating these agreements since they were not part of the EU. Being able to negotiate new trade deals with non-EU countries is hugely beneficial because it means that businesses will have access to new markets and consumers will have more choice when buying products or services.

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Avoidance of EU bailouts

The avoidance of EU bailouts is a good thing. Bailouts are not a good thing. We will no longer have to contribute to them and can spend our money on other things, like the new budget for our NHS or building more roads. We’ll also be able to avoid future bailouts, which means we won’t be liable for debts incurred by others.

An opportunity to enhance Britain’s global standing as a global leader outside of the EU

  • Britain’s decision to leave the EU will provide an opportunity for Britain to enhance its global standing as a global leader outside of the EU.
  • The ability of Britain to shape international rules and norms will be enhanced if it remains outside of the EU.
  • The UK has been a strong proponent for trade liberalization, and its advocacy will be more effective without having to compromise on issues such as agriculture or services where there are divergent interests between member states.
  • The UK may have a stronger voice in international security negotiations such as those concerning non-proliferation treaties, arms control agreements, and sanctions regimes such as those against Iran or North Korea if it remains outside of the EU rather than having its influence diluted by being part of an institution with 27 other countries involved in these negotiations.

A chance for Britain to break free of rising EU and Eurozone influence over British domestic policy

The Eurozone has more to lose from Brexit than the UK, so it’s not surprising that they’re pushing for a deal that keeps Britain close to the EU.

In theory, this is all well and good. The euro area is working on new agreements with third countries (such as Japan) which should allow it to maintain its trading partners in Europe and beyond, even if there were no deal with Britain. But this ignores two key points: Firstly, these agreements won’t be ready until after we leave; secondly, they are not legally binding—they depend on political will from both sides which may or may not be forthcoming at any given moment in time. I would argue that our negotiating position is stronger than theirs because we don’t need them as much as they need us!

Leaving the European Union may cause short-term economic trauma but could allow Britain more freedom in the future.

Some of the potential benefits of Brexit include:

  • Britain will have more freedom to make its own laws. The UK can set its own policies, control its borders and make trade agreements without the consent of other EU members.
  • Leaving the EU could allow Britain to grow economically. As an independent nation, Britain would be able to focus on specific areas where it has a competitive advantage over other countries. This could help generate more jobs and growth for the economy in general.

Economic Impact

The economic impact of Brexit on the United Kingdom and its citizens is one of the most hotly debated topics in British politics today. While some argue that leaving the EU will have a positive impact on Britain’s economy, others insist that it will have a negative effect.

To help you make your own decision about which side to take, we’ve broken down some of the key arguments for and against Brexit:

Immigration Impact

The UK and the EU will be able to control immigration from other countries.

UK immigration policy will be more aligned with the needs of the British people.

Trade Agreements

The UK will be able to negotiate its own trade agreements with countries outside of the EU.

This means that you’ll be able to forge new trade agreements with countries like Canada, India and China (if you ever wanted to). You will also be free of EU trade agreements with other countries.

Political Implications

Brexit also has major implications for politics at home and abroad. For a start, the outcome of the Brexit referendum has thrown into question Britain’s place in Europe and its relationship with other European countries such as France, Germany and Poland. It will also affect the UK’s standing in the world: it may no longer be able to rely on NATO or traditional alliances like those with America when it needs them most.

In addition to all this, there are plenty of economic benefits to consider:

Sovereignty Issues

The EU is a powerful organization. It has been forced to adopt laws it doesn’t want and pay money it doesn’t have, but still remains stronger than Britain. The EU’s influence on British sovereignty is undeniable.

The end result of Brexit will be uncertain until Britain negotiates its future relationship with the EU, but there are several possible scenarios:

  • A no-deal Brexit would see Britain exit with no trade deal in place—meaning that tariffs would be applied on goods crossing borders between countries and companies would face new barriers doing business across borders. This could lead to shortages in some products and higher prices for consumers as well as disruptions for businesses across the UK economy.
  • A soft Brexit would see Britain stay in what’s called the European Economic Area (EEA), which lets member states participate fully in the Single Market while still deciding their own laws on issues such as immigration policy and agriculture subsidies; this option would likely cause fewer economic disruptions than a no-deal scenario but does not allow member states to negotiate free trade deals independently from Brussels or control their borders unilaterally – both things many Brexiteers want when it comes down it .

Free Movement of People

Free movement of people is one of the founding principles of the European Union. It means that citizens from member states can travel, live and work freely in any other member state. This enables them to study and work abroad, giving them greater opportunities for personal development and economic growth.

The free movement of people within the EU was introduced by Regulation (EEC) No 1612/68 on freedom of movement for workers within the Community on 18th December 1968.

At present, all 28 Member States are signatories to this regulation which establishes a fundamental right under EU law: every EU citizen has a right to move freely across borders without being subject to immigration controls or border checks; they also have a right to reside in another Member State without conditions other than those imposed on nationals of that State; and they enjoy equal treatment with nationals as regards social security benefits and access to education services such as childcare facilities, schools or universities

Freedom of Movement

Freedom of movement is a fundamental principle of the EU. The free movement of people is enshrined in Article 21(2) of the Treaty on European Union (TEU), which states:

The Union shall adopt measures with the aim of ensuring the freedom of movement for workers within the Union. This will include the introduction of minimum social rights such as those relating to working conditions and pay, and also mechanisms for coordinating policies relating to employment.

For this reason, UK citizens have been able to move freely throughout Europe for decades—the right was not guaranteed before joining what was then called “the common market” in 1973. With Brexit looming, this right may be lost forever if no deal can be reached between political leaders and negotiators from both sides prior to March 29th 2020 when Britain officially leaves Europe (or at least its economic union).

Single Market Access

The EU single market is a free trade area. It’s the largest in the world and covers 500 million people, 23 states and more than 330 million consumers.

It has no tariffs or quotas on goods, so there are no customs duties to pay when you import from another country or export to another country inside the EU single market. All firms selling products within the EU are subject to one set of rules which means that it should take less time and money for them to sell their products across borders. This can lead to lower prices for consumers because there is less red tape involved in trading with other countries within this large free trade area.

Impact on Businesses

While Brexit is not the end of the world, it will lead to a period of uncertainty. And uncertainty is not good for business.

Before any kind of trade deal can be signed, Britain needs to have its own tariffs and quotas in place. But no one knows exactly what these will look like until they’re negotiated with the EU—and that could take years. If you’re a consumer product manufacturer who imports raw materials from Europe, you need to know how much your costs will increase so you can adjust accordingly (or at least be prepared for an increase). If you’re an exporter selling goods and services into Europe, then your supply chain depends on being able to predict what those tariffs will be so that orders don’t get held up at ports when customs inspectors get confused about who gets charged what tariff based on what country they’re from (or where their products are made). In other words: if anyone ever said “Brexit” again after this article was published because it’s been trending since we started writing this sentence (we had no idea), then remember:  it means  uncertainty!

Financial Sector Changes

Financial services are likely to be affected. The financial sector is one of the most important industries in London, accounting for roughly a quarter of all jobs in the UK capital. Banks and financial institutions may move their headquarters from London to other European cities (such as Dublin) or even New York City, which was apparently an attractive destination for banks when Brazil imposed capital controls during its economic crisis in 2015. It’s unclear what will happen to London’s status as a global financial centre; it could lose some business from international banks moving elsewhere post-Brexit, but it might also benefit from having more space available for start-ups and smaller operations compared to other major centers like Frankfurt or Paris. Some financial institutions may move operations to other EU countries such as Ireland or Luxembourg (which already have lower tax rates), though these destinations could become less attractive if Britain leaves without striking a deal over trade relations with the EU.

Regulations and Laws

Regulations are rules made by the government, while laws are rules made by parliament. Regulations can be passed into law and they’re often used to implement directives from the European Union.

For example: The EU has a lot of regulations in place regarding working hours and overtime. In some cases these regulations have been absorbed into UK law but were not in others. If you work for a company with operations in other EU countries (such as mobile phone network operators), then these rules apply regardless of what happens next with Brexit.

Tax Implications

If you were thinking of moving to the UK, Brexit might be a good reason not to. There are many tax implications that come with leaving the EU. As a British citizen, you may want to keep in mind:

  • Taxes will be higher for individuals
  • Taxes will be higher for corporations
  • The wealthy will have more money than ever before (but still not enough)

Diplomatic Relationships

As you may have gathered, some countries are more than happy to see Britain leave the EU. For instance, Russia’s Vladimir Putin is said to be “delighted with the result.”

Other leaders who don’t care either way include China’s Xi Jinping and Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

The UK may lose some diplomatic relationships with other countries because of Brexit—for example, there has been talk of a rift between the UK and France after French President Francois Hollande called for Britain to trigger Article 50 immediately in order to limit economic risks related to Brexit. However, it’s likely that Britain will also gain new diplomatic relationships with other countries once it leaves the EU—including ones it doesn’t currently have as part of an international bloc like Europe (e.g., Australia).

Social Impacts

The Brexit referendum has had a wide-ranging impact on the social fabric of the UK. The vote has caused a considerable degree of uncertainty and anxiety throughout Britain, as well as some people becoming more politically active. These effects will likely continue to be felt for some time, even after Article 50 is invoked.

In addition to these undeniable impacts on political participation and national stability, there are many other social consequences of Britain’s withdrawal from the EU that are worth considering. For example:

  • If you want to travel freely between Europe and the United Kingdom, now would be a good time to start brushing up on your French or Spanish! This is especially true if you’re planning any trips across Europe in 2020 when travelling with an EU passport becomes restricted again due to Brexit negotiations taking place between then and 2021 (when Britain officially leaves).
  • If you live near London—or anywhere else in England—then this may mean fewer international students attending British universities because they might not qualify for financial aid anymore due to stricter regulations about how much money individuals can earn outside their home country before qualifying for student loans (and also because tuition fees have increased substantially since 2016).

Cultural Changes

The cultural changes that come with Brexit are not necessarily negative. Cultural changes can be a source of conflict, but they can also be positive and hard to predict.

Regional Effects

  • Scotland
  • Northern Ireland
  • Gibraltar

Now, let’s take a look at what all this means.

Domestic Politics

You may have heard that the Brexit vote has had an impact on British politics. This is true: it’s a big deal to change your country’s relationship with the rest of the world, after all. But what does it mean for you?

Theresa May, who leads Britain’s Conservative Party (and is therefore Prime Minister), campaigned against leaving Europe during last year’s referendum. She favors remaining in the EU, but has found herself in a tricky situation since taking office earlier this year. As Prime Minister, she must now act as though she supports Brexit—even though she doesn’t! If politicians aren’t careful about how they talk about their position on this issue, they could lose support from voters who prefer either one side or another—or both!

Brexit has many consequences.

Brexit has many consequences.

Brexit has many economic consequences.

Brexit has many social consequences.

Brexit has many political consequences.

Brexit has many diplomatic consequences.

Brexit has many cultural consequences.

Brexit has many regional consequences:


In conclusion, Brexit has both positive and negative implications. The future is uncertain but hopefully with careful planning and strategic investments, Britain will be able to emerge a stronger nation than it was before.